The long-term environmental risks from the aging of organochlorine pesticide lindane


Although increased contact time (aging) of pesticides in the soil decreases their bioavailability, this does not mean that the bound residues formed during the aging process pose fewer risk to the soil environment. Here the earthworm Eisenia fetida was exposed to organochlorine pesticide lindane in soil under different durations of lindane aging and exposure. The results of de novo RNA sequencing followed by molecular and biochemical validations demonstrated the aged lindane showed a different tendency to disrupt acetylcholine (ACh) transmission with the effects of fresh lindane to gamma-aminobutyric acid. Using own-developed earthworm activity test, we confirmed aged lindane prompted earthworms to exclusively exhibit a significant hypoactivity in locomotion, which could be explained by the inhibition of Ach system. This study suggested that the toxicity of pesticides would not depend solely on their free state components, and the awareness of long-term environmental risks from the bound states needs to be raised.


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