Impact of procymidone (PCM) evaluated on zebrafish larvae

Developmental toxicity of procymidone to larval zebrafish based on physiological and transcriptomic analysis




Abstract : 

As a broad-spectrum with low toxicity, procymidone (PCM), is widely used in agriculture and frequently observed in aquatic system, which may cause some impacts on aquatic organisms. Here, to determine the developmental toxicity of PCM, embryonic and larval zebrafish were exposed to PCM at 0, 1, 10, 100 μg/L in dehydrogenated natural water containing 0.01% acetone for 7 days. The results showed that high concentration of PCM could cause the pericardial edema and increase the heart rates in larval zebrafish, suggesting that PCM had developmental toxicity to zebrafish. We also observed that PCM exposure not only changed the physiological parameters including TBA, GLU and pyruvic acid, but also changed the transcriptional levels of glycolipid metabolism related genes. In addition, after transcriptomics analysis, a total of 1065 differentially expressed genes, including 456 up-regulated genes and 609 down-regulated genes, changed significantly in 100 μg/L PCM treated larval zebrafish. Interestingly, after GO (Gene Ontology) analysis, the different expression genes (DEGs) were mainly enriched to the three different biology processes including GABA-nervous, lipid Metabolism and response to drug. We also observed that the levels of GABA receptor related genes including gabrg2gabbr1αgabbr1 and gabra6α were inhibited by PCM exposure. Interestingly, the swimming distance of larval zebrafish had the tendency to decrease after PCM exposure, indicating that the nervous system was affected by PCM. Taken together, the results confirmed that the fungicide PCM could cause developmental toxicity by influencing the lipid metabolism and GABA mediated nervous system and behavior in larval zebrafish. We believed that the results could provide an important data for the influence of PCM on aquatic animals.


Link to publication :!