In vitro and in vivo characterization of Lu AA41178: A novel, brain penetrant, pan-selective Kv7 potassium channel opener with efficacy in preclinical models of epileptic seizures and psychiatric disorders

Published: 08-01-2020 In Publication


Tags: VideoTrackForced Swim Test

Abstract

Activation of the voltage-gated Kv7 channels holds therapeutic promise in several neurological and psychiatric disorders, including epilepsy, schizophrenia, and depression. Here, we present a pharmacological characterization of Lu AA41178, a novel, pan-selective Kv7.2–7.5 opener, using both in vitro assays and a broad range of in vivo assays with relevance to epilepsy, schizophrenia, and depression.

Electrophysiological characterization in Xenopus oocytes expressing human Kv7.2-Kv7.5 confirmed Lu AA41178 as a pan-selective opener of Kv7 channels by significantly left-shifting the activation threshold. Additionally, Lu AA41178 was tested in vitro for off-target effects, demonstrating a clean Kv7-selective profile, with no impact on common cardiac ion channels, and no potentiating activity on GABAA channels.

Lu AA41178 was evaluated across preclinical in vivo assays with relevance to neurological and psychiatric disorders. In the maximum electroshock seizure threshold test and PTZ seizure threshold test, Lu AA41178 significantly increased the seizure thresholds in mice, demonstrating anticonvulsant efficacy. Lu AA41178 demonstrated antipsychotic-like activity by reducing amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion in mice as well as lowering conditioned avoidance responses in rats. In the mouse forced swim test, a model with antidepressant predictivity, Lu AA41178 significantly reduced immobility. Additionally, behavioral effects typically observed with Kv7 openers was also characterized. In vivo assays were accompanied by plasma and brain exposures, revealing minimum effective plasma levels <1000 ng/ml.

Lu AA41178, a potent opener of neuronal Kv7 channels demonstrate efficacy in assays of epilepsy, schizophrenia and depression and might serve as a valuable tool for exploring the role of Kv7 channels in both neurological and psychiatric disorders.

 

Link to the publication : 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S001429992030532X